With the aim to promote the conservation of the East Caucasian tur and wild goat populations that live in mostly undisturbed habitats in the Pshav-Khevsureti Protected Area, a strict nature protection zone/area has been established. The Strictly Protected Area’s (SPA) purpose is to concurrently ensure the conservation of other species inhabiting the area and to protect the alpine and subnival flora complexes distinguished by their high endemism.
The “Atsunta section” (Atsunta Range and Mt. Tebulo vicinities) and a part of Mount Borbalo are a continuation of the East Caucasian tur habitat of Tusheti Protected Area in Khevsureti. The SPA of the National Park includes the Arkhoti Caucasian tur habitats. In particular, it covers the tur habitats of the Tergha, Tanie, Chimgha and Bisna valleys. The SPA in Arkhoti creates, together with the tur habitats in the Russian Federation, an important sanctuary for the East Caucasian tur populations.
The SPA is also a sanctuary for a small population of wild goats that reside in the rocky forest sections facing Anatori and Arditi village. After the locals began a self-imposed restriction on hunting, the number of the wild goats in Khevsureti has steadily increased. In Georgia, the wild goat population has been preserved in Tusheti and Khevsureti.
The conduct of non-manipulative research for scientific and educational identification purposes is allowed in the SPA of the Park. It is permissible to remove a small number of herbarium and collection materials, parts of plants, seeds and bulbs, invertebrates and small-size verterbrates. The collection of biological data and specimens for scientific purposes is strictly controlled and requires the administration’s consent.
In Pshav-Khevsureti National Park, taking into account the social-economic interests of the local population, a Traditional Use Area has been established, where traditional economic activities are allowed, for example: mowing, grazing, firewood collection. Tilling and sowing are banned, however.
Research and educational activity, use of eco-tourism infrastructure, walking and horse riding, also the use of motor vehicles, sport and amateur fishing in coordination with the administration is possible for Traditional Use Area visitors.
In the national park, a Visitor’s Area has been established for recreational, eco-touristic, and educational purposes. In the near future, the infrastructure for tourist protection, control and safety will be implemented within the Administration Area.
Recreational activities including the use of all-terrain vehicles, horses, and educational and research activities are allowed in the Visitor’s Area.